These two quotes come from those days when the “Cold War” was at its height. When dedicated, not to say fanatical, party members were spying on “us” and taking over our trade unions. Now that the Wall has come down (Got a bit of it right here in the room where I am typing!) it’s all changed. People have sobered up and these quotes are obviously of historic interest only.
Both quotes are taken from David McLellan’s “Marxism and religion” Macmillan (1987) pages 157 and 158.
“If communism is opposed to all religions it is because it is itself a religion. For it wishes to be a religion fit to replace Christianity, it claims to answer the religious aspirations of the human sort and give a meaning to life. Communism sees itself as universal, it wishes to control all existence and not simply some of its aspects.”
(Nicholas Berdyaev “Les sources et le sens des communisme russe” Paris (1951) p.316
“Marxism is a religion. To the believer it presents, first, a system of ultimate ends that embody the meaning of life and are absolute standards by which to judge events and actions; and, secondly, a guide to those ends which implies a plan of salvation and the indication of the evil from which mankind, or a chosen section of mankind, is to be saved.”
(Schumpeter “Capitalism, socialism and democracy” 1954)